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Presentation 6F4. Investigating Patterns of Interview Conversations among Lecturers in the Malaysian Institute of Higher Learning on the Teaching of Statistics at the Introductory Level

Zamalia Mahmud (Malaysia)
Rosli Abdul Rahim (Malaysia)  


Presentation Abstract

This paper intend to discuss the methodological aspect and analysis of an in-depth interview between the authors and lecturers of statistics in higher learning institute in Malaysia as regards the teaching of statistics at the introductory level. The aim of the interviews is to elicit information from the respondents on matters which are related to, for example, factors that contribute to lecturers' difficulties in teaching some statistical concepts and factors that contribute to students' difficulties in understanding some of the concepts. The other aim was to identify the existence of any distinct patterns which may arise from the interview conversations. While it is important to reveal the outcome of the interview, on the other hand, it is also important to emphasise the methodological aspects of the interview analysis. Many researchers have recognised that interview techniques play an important role in eliciting information from respondents. The methodological aspect of the interview analysis is often emphasized by qualitative researchers, however, it is not often recognised by researchers who prefer the quantitative aspect of the analysis. As such, this paper intend to show the importance of combining some of the methodological techniques in analysing interview conversations to reveal information, which otherwise could not be properly obtained through self-administered questionnaire. In the analysis, the authors have looked at the possibility of investigating patterns of interview conversations using the elements of Qualitative Data Analysis (QDA) via transcription, content analysis and identifying conversation themes and codes. The use of QDA, multidimensional scaling (MDS) via two-dimensional solutions and cluster analysis via representation of complete-linkage dendrograms have emphasized that these techniques are used as complementary strands whereby the approach taken to link the conversation themes and codes was also meant to illustrate the application and investigating the feasibility of using MDS within the qualitative data approach.


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